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By:-RAHUL KUMAR MISHRA||20 - Jul - 2019

INTRODUCTION

A lot of sports are played throughout the World. In 776, Athens organized the First Old Olympic Sports Events. After all, In Modern World, Olympic once again started in 1896. Many Sports become the witness and perform against one another.

Cricket began in England. At starting, it was played between only two countries- England and Australia. England is the father of Cricket. At that time, Cricket was spread among Commonwealth Nations (Countries which are the colony of the British Empire). But due to time-consuming and lack of technical learning of cricket, it was not advertised as per other games like Football, Hockey, Tennis, etc. It was played a few countries like England, Australia, West Indies, etc.

After Independent of India, India became a regular cricketing country. Support from the Central Government of India, It made itself the main sport in India. Although It is time-consuming Sport. Most of the Developed Countries did not focus on Cricket because it made Public dull.

About 1960, England started to play shortened Cricket. That is called One Day Cricket. First of all, In 1962, A Knock out cricket tournament is played in England. That name is Midlands Knock – out Cup. After a year, Gillette Cup was played among all cricket playing countries. First One Day International was played between England and Australia due to rain. All 4 days were washed out. On the fifth day, One Day International was played to entertain Public. It was very successful.

Cricket is now played three forms of Cricket. First one is Test Cricket. It takes 5 days. The second was One Day. It is played all day from Morning to Evening. It takes at least 8 hours. Before 1983, it was played 60 Overs for each team, but it is now 50 overs. The third is Twenty-twenty. It is played 20 overs for each team. Cricket World Cup for One Day Game was started in 1975.

FIRST THREE WORLD CUP WAS PLAYED IN ENGLAND FROM 1975 TO 1983

Due to the shortage of resources for playing cricket, England became the host of starting three world cups. It was called PRUDENTIAL CUP as per Sponsorship. In 1975, total eight reams participated in which six nations (England, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, India, and Pakistan) played Test Cricket and rest of teams (Sri Lanka and East Africa) were included without test cricket.

In this world, the dominance of power was among Australia, West Indies, and England. Final Match was played between West Indies and Australia. West Indies defeated Australia by 17 runs. West Indies Captain Mr. Clive Lloyd played magnificent inning with 102 run and became the first captain to win world cup along with Man of the Match Award.

Second World Cup was also played in England. In 1979, West Indies once again proved that there was nobody near them. In this World Cup, Non-Test Playing Teams had to qualify to play in the World Cup. Sri Lanka and Canada qualified. Under Skipper Mr. Clive Lloyd, West Indies won second consecutive time World Cup after beating Host England by 92 runs. Sir Viv Richards played lightning 138 runs innings against England and became Man of the Match.

Third World Cup was won by India after defeating defending West Indies by 43 runs. In this World, Mr. Kapil Dev led Team India. He was appointed newly captain. He performed very exceptionally as All Rounder. He led Team from the front. In Quarter Match against Zimbabwe, he scored 175 runs and reached Team India in Semifinal. In Final, India was all out for 183 runs, but Bowlers fetched trophy to India. Madan Lal became Man of the Match.

DIFFERENT WORLD CHAMPIONS FROM 1987 TO 1996

First time in Cricket World Cup, One Day Cricket has become from 60 overs to 50 overs. India and Pakistan were hosting in 1987. In this World Cup, India was defending champion but England in Semi-Final ousted India and played Final against Australia. In Final, Australia won against England by 7 runs. Final was played at Eden Garden in Kolkata. Australia scored 253 runs for the loss of 5 wickets. England was restricted by Australian bowlers by 246 runs in 8 wickets. David Boon guided Australian Team by 75 runs inning and became Man of the Match under the leadership of Alan Border.

Fifth Cricket World Cup was played in Australia and New Zealand. South Africa participated after banned by Sports Agency. It played very good cricket but luck could not take place on its side. In this world cup, Pakistan won World cup after defeating England in Final by 22 runs. All-rounder Imran Khan was skipper of Pakistan cricket team. Wasim Akram took 3 wickets and scored 33 runs in final. He became Man of The Match. Pakistan made 246 runs but England could stable itself and bowl out on 227 runs.

Once again Cricket World Cup was hosted by the Indian Continent. Sri Lanka was also included in hosting rights. In this world, Sri Lankan Skipper Arjun Ranatunga planned very exceptional cricket. He used Sanath Jayasuriya to take more run power play. In power play, only four players can field out of 22 Gaj. Sanath Jayasuriya demonstrated his skills to play in No-man's land Area. India was defeated by Sri Lanka in Semi-Final. India was on 120 runs for 8 wickets, Public made hoax at Eden Garden in Kolkata. Sri Lanka made 251 runs. By default Sri Lanka entered in Final because Indian Cricket Fans did not allow to resume playing.

In final, Australia and Sri Lanka were facing off. Australia scored 241 runs and Sri Lanka easily made it after losing 3 wickets. Arvind De Silva scored a fine century and awarded Man of the Match Award.

AUSTRALIAN DOMINANCE ON WORLD CRICKET FROM 1999 TO 2007

Seventh Cricket World Cup was played in England along with Wales, Ireland, and Scotland. It is starting of Australian Era for Cricketing Success. Steve Waugh was the skipper of Australian Cricket Team. Australia performed very good cricket. In Semi-Final, South Africa was the opponent of Australia. This match was ended tie. It can be won by South Africa if Alan Donald would be careful during running between the wickets. All Rounder Lans Clusener left no stone unturned but at last ball of the match, it got a tie. Due to win in Group Stage on South Africa, Australia reached in Final. Pakistan was in final against Australia. Australian Bowlers bundled out Pakistan for 132 runs. It was achieved by less than 20 Overs and 8 Wickets Victory was awarded to Australia. It was his second World Cup Title. Legendary Spinner Shane Warne took 4 wickets in Final and chose Man of the Match Award. India’s performance was not good enough to include the top 4 teams. Although Sachin and Saurav played very good cricket as per batting point of view. Mohammad Azharuddin was Indian Skipper.

South Africa first time hosted Cricket World Cup in 2003. It was said that South Africa would do very well. It was not the correct prediction from Cricket Pundits. South Africa disappointed. In this world, Australia dominated higher degree than the 1999 Cricket World Cup. Leader of the Australian Team had been changed. Baton of success was processed from Steve Waugh to Ricky Ponting. Australia won this World Cup without losing a match. In Final, India faced Australia and was trampled badly by 125 runs. Skipper Ricky Ponting scored 140 runs and became Man of the Match. India scattered pressure of chasing 360 runs target.

Ninth Cricket World Cup was hosted by West Indies first time. That World Cup had also seen the dominance of Australia. Mathew Hayden performed very well. Australia won this World Cup without losing a single Match. Sri Lanka reached in Final but Wicket Keeper Batsman Adam Gilchrist blew away Sri Lankan Bowling Attack. Lasith Malinga was considered to be a game-changer, but he failed to fill expectations. Australia won this Final by 53 runs by Duckworth - Luis Rule. Australia became consecutive hat trick winner of Cricket World Cup. India was ousted by Bangladesh at the group stage. Rick Ponting became the second skipper after Clive Lloyd to win two Cricket World Cup.

HOST IS BECOMING WORLD CHAMPION FROM 2011 TO BY NOW.

2011 Cricket World Cup was hosted by India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Wicket-Keeper Batsman MS Dhoni was leading Team India. In the history of Cricket World Cup, Host could not win the World Cup. But this time India won this World after defeating Sri Lanka by 6 Wickets. India won Cricket World Cup after 28 years. It was not an easy task. India ousted Defending Champion Australia in Quarter Final, then clashed with Pakistan in Semi-Final. India restricted Sri Lanka for 274 runs. But when Indian Batting Started, both opener Sachin and Sehwag were returned to the pavilion by Lasith Malinga. After that Gambhir and Kohli rotated their strikes. Dilshan caught Kohli on his own ball. Then Indian Skipper MS Dhoni entered the ground. He batted all-rounder shots and became Man of the Match. India won with huge a six from Dhoni.

2015 Cricket World Cup was played in Australia and New Zealand. Defending Champion India was determined to win this world cup. Australia outplayed India in Semi Final by fantastic century from Steven Smith. Michael Clarke was leading Australian Team. In Final, Australia found New Zealand. New Zealand played very good cricket under the leadership of Brandon MacCallum. In Semi-Final, New Zealand ousted South Africa in a thrilling Match. Australia defeated New Zealand easily in Final. Australian All-Rounder James Faulkner became Man of the Match. Australia won fifth-time Cricket World Cup Title.

Twelfth Cricket World Cup was hosted by England and Wales. England and India were favorites to win this world cup. England’s Skipper Eoin Morgan stood an aggressive team with the help of Andrew Strauss. Andres Strauss was batsman of England Team and also led the team for Ashes Victory. He became Director of England Cricket Board. Top four team was India, Australia, England, and New Zealand. India and New Zealand clashed in which Black Caps ousted Men in Blue in a thrilling match. Another side, Defending Champion Australia took on Host England. Host England hammered veiled attack on Australia in every department of the game. Host England and Second Consecutive Time reaching the world cup final New Zealand.

This match was the greatest thrilling match in the final. The match was a tie. Then Super over was played, it was also tied. At last, due to counting boundary, England became the first time world champion. England All-Rounder Ben Stokes was awarded Man of the Match due to his heroics performance. England is the father of Cricket, but it was not able to win the world cup title.

CONCLUSION

Cricket is played in a few countries. It is a game of civilized people. It is a time-consuming game. It is not suited for working people. This is also a reason that it could not spread all over the world. Five World Cup title was won by Australia. 2 world Cup for West Indies and India each. Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and England kept one each.

 

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Good article.

Rina